A N A T O M Y   O F
H A R D   R O C K
M I N I N G



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C O N T E N T

Description:
The emphasis of this chart is on underground and surface mining infrastructure. 
Mining Methods:
Open-cast mining, Conventional drill and blast mining, Mechanised hard rock
mining, Throw blasting, Bord and pillar etc.  
Content:
Vertical and decline access, Decline access features mechanised mining
methods with conveyor ore-removal, road hauler ore-removal and rail hopper
ore-removal. The stope level features breast mining and up-dip, down-dip
conventional mining. Details on rail configurations, rock support,
conveyor systems, typical machinery & equipment, shaft sinking, horizontal
development, ventilation route, ventilation shaft, extraction fans,
shaft support infrastructure, mine personnel featured.